Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU)
Dept. of Biology
Technology development for marine monitoring and ocean observation’ is a novel research-based higher education programme with a scientific focus on how climate-induced changes impact the living resources and ecosystems in the Arctic. The programme represents an international partnership between Norway (Norwegian University of Science and Technology and the University Centre of Svalbard) and the United States (California Polytechnic State University and Rutgers University) facilitating and developing state-of-the-art technology for marine monitoring and observation in both countries.
Program objectives are (in addition to the three main scientific goals) to:
1. Implement an international undergraduate and graduate partnership to train the next generation of oceanographers using the combined facilities of NTNU, Cal Poly, Rutgers University, and UNIS.
2. Strengthen innovative research and academic relations to advance the development and application of underwater sensors and platforms (e.g. autonomous underwater vehicles, AUVs) to be used for marine monitoring and research.
3. Develop educational programme and innovative elements of an integrated ocean observatory network to address how climate-induced changes impact the living resources and ecosystems in the Arctic.
The primary scientific motivation of the NORUS programme is to address how climate-induced changes impact the living resources and ecosystems of the marine environment in the Arctic. Under this primary goal, there are three science themes, which each take advantage of current scientific knowledge, available technology, and infrastructure of the partner institutions.
1. Investigation of existing time-series measurements in Svalbard of key environmental variables for evaluating trends in the Arctic marine ecosystem that may be linked to a changing climate (e.g. Kongsfjorden, Rijpfjorden, and Isfjorden).
2. Sea ice – ice biota interactions and the variations and in biodiversity between multi-year and annual sea-ice communities.
3. The influence of North Atlantic Water (NAW) intrusion into the Arctic on water column productivity and coupling to benthic communities.