News Articles with Category: Autonomy

Stephen Hawking Doesn’t Have to Fear Killer Robots

July 29, 2015 - via Defense One Autonomous weapons will never remove the human dimension of warfare, but if we are careful, they just might thin the fog.

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Autonomous Weapons: an Open Letter from AI & Robotics Researchers

July 28, 2015 - via IJCAI 2015 conference Starting a military AI arms race is a bad idea, and should be prevented by a ban on offensive autonomous weapons beyond meaningful human control.

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MIT-developed system allows robots to plan underwater missions autonomously

May 7, 2015 - via MIT The technology is built on levels of decision-making. One component makes high-level decisions (such as picking sites to explore), while another plans the optimum route, and a final component works to identify and address any issues that arise. "We can give the system choices, like, 'Go to either this or that science location and map it out,' or 'Communicate via an acoustic modem, or a satellite link,'"

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Engineers hand "cognitive" control to underwater robots

May 7, 2015 - via MIT By giving robots control of higher-level decision-making, Williams says such a system would free engineers to think about overall strategy, while AUVs determine for themselves a specific mission plan. Such a system could also reduce the size of the operational team needed on research cruises. And, most significantly from a scientific standpoint, an autonomous planning system could enable robots to explore places that otherwise would not be traversable. For instance, with an autonomous system, robots may not have to be in continuous contact with engineers, freeing the vehicles to explore more remote recesses of the sea.

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Robotic SPACE Explorers Need Smarts to Survive

March 23, 2015 - via McGill University If programmed to prioritize the more unusual items it comes across, the robot could then spend more time examining that corresponding terrain

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SeeByte Autonomy Demo System for UK MOD

March 4, 2015 - via SeeByte The demonstration system will consist of UUVs equipped with SeeByte’s SeeTrack Neptune software, an open architecture enabling autonomous multivehicle collaboration. The systems will be integrated with the UK’s Maritime Autonomy Framework (MAF) developed under DSTI funding.

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Evolving robot brains

March 2, 2015 - via Michigan State University Group uses genetic algorithms operating on a mathematical framework called Markov networks to model a large population of robot "brains" working on a particular task, like finding the exit to a maze. The brains that perform the task best have the largest number of simulated "offspring." The researchers run this genetic algorithm over thousands, and sometimes hundreds of thousands of generations, and then download the surviving brains into robots that execute the tasks in the outside world.

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Leidos Prototype USV Completes First Self Guided Voyage

January 26, 2015 - via Leidos Controlled only by the autonomy system, and with only a navigational chart of the area loaded into its memory and inputs from its commercial-off-the-shelf (COTS) radars, the surrogate vessel successfully sailed the complicated inshore environment of the Gulf Intracoastal Waterway.

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A Smarter Undersea Robot

January 16, 2015 - via Woods Hole Oceanographic Institute Engineers seek to correct a curious deficiency

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RoboBrain: The World's First Knowledge Engine For Robots

December 12, 2014 - via Stanford University If you have a question, you can ask Google or Bing or any number of online databases. Now robots have their own knowledge database

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A Brain-Inspired Chip Takes to the Sky

November 4, 2014 - via MIT Technology Reviw An experiment involving a chip on a small drone shows how hardware modeled on the brain could provide useful intelligence.

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Unmanned Systems Experts Convene to Discuss Challenges, Chaos and Opportunities at Navy's "High-Value" Technical Exchange

August 28, 2014 - via NSWC Dahlgren "Integrating unmanned systems into the Fleet has always been the biggest challenge. Technology hurdles can be overcome, but true unmanned systems integration requires us to alter our entire approach to warfighting to obtain the maximum benefit from the new capabilities".

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Bluefin and MIT Demonstrate AUV Plug-n-Play Payload Autonomy

July 23, 2013 - via Bluefin Robotics It allows us to test the mission configuration by connecting the payload computer carrying the autonomy software to a laptop computer with a simulation environment representing realistic platform dynamics and sensory input. The autonomy software is then installed on a small platform such as the Bluefin-9 for field-testing of the autonomy at low cost before it is finally installed on the operational platform such as the Bluefin-21

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Pentagon Project Seeks to Build Autonomous Robots

June 13, 2013 - via Defense Tech The Pentagon has awarded about $45 million to seven teams of government researchers, each tasked with solving a problem in the areas of robotics and autonomy.

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James Gosling Smartens up Floating Robot with Linux/Java "Regulus" OS

April 10, 2013 - via Linux.com Instead of sending raw sensor data, Regulus can analyze and summarize the data onboard. For example, if the craft is carrying a hydrophone to listen underwater, and if customers can't wait to retrieve the recordings later, Regulus can instantly report key findings.

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U S Department of Defense Directive: Autonomy in Weapon Systems

March 18, 2013 - via US Department of Defense The US Department of Defense has issued a policy directive on the use of autonomy in Weapons systems

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Here’s How Darpa’s Robot Ship Will Hunt Silent Subs

December 27, 2012 - via Wired SAIC is designing the ACTUV to be way more autonomous than contemporary drone aircraft: After a sailor powers it up and helps guide it out of port, she can go on a long vacation while the ACTUV speeds out to the open water to use its long-range acquisition sonar and other advanced sensors to scan for submarines, while automatically steering clear of any nearby surface ships.

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Nearly $50 million in research funding awarded by NSF

September 17, 2012 - via National Science Foundation Search-and-rescue, planet exploration, home health care and drug delivery are potential applications that offer tremendous economic and societal impacts

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Autonomous systems face obstacles says Defense Science Board task force

September 4, 2012 - via Fierce Government IT Despite having a significant and positive impact on U.S. military operations worldwide, unmanned systems are underutilized due to "obstacles" within the Defense Department that are "inhibiting the broad acceptance" of these systems and DoD's ability to more fully realize their benefits.

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Maritime Open Architecture Autonomy (MOAA) Industry Day

August 27, 2012 - via NUWC Newport The Navy plans to hold a MOAA Industry Day at the Kossiakoff Center, Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory, 11100 Johns Hopkins Road, Laurel, MD, 20723 on 14 Sept 2012.

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MOAA software goes GOSS

July 16, 2012 - via Fierce Government The Navy says it will release software developed for the autonomous control of underwater vehicles to industry as government open source.

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Announcement of Maritime Open Architecture Autonomy (MOAA) Industry Day and software availability.

July 11, 2012 - via FedBizOps To help inform the potential US DoD Contractor MOAA user base, the Navy plans to hold a MOAA Industry Day at the Kossiakoff Center, Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory, 11100 Johns Hopkins Road, Laurel, MD, 20723 on 14 Sept 2012.

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Announcement of Maritime Open Architecture Autonomy (MOAA) Industry Day and software availability.

July 11, 2012 - via FedBizOps To help inform the potential US DoD Contractor MOAA user base, the Navy plans to hold a MOAA Industry Day at the Kossiakoff Center, Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory, 11100 Johns Hopkins Road, Laurel, MD, 20723 on 14 Sept 2012.

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Technion examines underwater autonomy

May 31, 2012 - via UVOnline The CTO of Technion has highlighted the need for technological advances in the autonomy of unmanned marine vehicles to counteract the communications challenge of underwater operations.

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Virtual Exploration, Virtually Everywhere

May 14, 2012 - via Huffington Post Terrestrial telerobotics latencies can also be days to weeks; for example, for some AUVs that might only surface occasionally to radio their data and status back to remote controllers. Such long latencies make the often more desirably immersive experience of telepresence challenging, though as the symposium demonstrated, people are beginning to think about technologies and operational strategies that could help to work around some of those challenges.

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UK-led project aims for AUVs that can learn from mistakes

March 22, 2012 - via The Engineer The aim of PANDORA is to build systems that can recognise when they’ve failed. ‘So they’re trying to carry out a task but something has gone wrong — then they can learn from that and figure out how to change what they’re doing in order to succeed,’

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Pandoras Box holds key to fully autonomous underwater robots

March 12, 2012 - via Heriot-Watt University The Ocean Systems Laboratory (OSL) team at Heriot-Watt University is designing a new approach to independently motivated Autonomous Underwater Vehicles (AUVs), with the aim of significantly improving the inspection, repair and maintenance reliability of vehicles used for underwater monitoring.

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US Navy says Autonomy is Key to Underwater Vehicles

February 13, 2012 - via Unmanned Systems Rear Adm. Matthew Klunder, chief of Naval Research at the Office of Naval Research in Arlington, Va., put autonomy on the short list for historic naval achievements.

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MERS tackles the human-robot divide

October 11, 2011 - via MIT Williams’ group is developing control algorithms that enable successful human-robot coordination. Williams strongly believes that robots and autonomous systems can play a major role in the coming years, assisting the elderly, leading search-and-rescue operations and even exploring outer space

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ASTM Unmanned Maritime Vehicle Committee To Meet in Washington, D.C.

August 9, 2011 - via ASTM Committee F41 is focused on the development of standards and guidance materials for unmanned undersea vehicle systems and unmanned surface vehicle systems to facilitate an interoperable, modular and multifunctional family of platforms.

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‘Bio-inspired brain’ to help robots think for themselves

July 18, 2011 - via Silicon Republic “Our research is focused on mimicking evolution in nature,” Morgan continued. “The latest hardware neural network currently in development will contain thousands of small electronic neuron-like devices which interoperate concurrently, in a similar way to neurons in the biological brain.

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DARPA Synapse phase 2 targets integrated neuromorphic chip

July 7, 2011 - via The Next Big Future The vision of the Systems of Neuromorphic Adaptive Plastic Scalable Electronics (SyNAPSE) program is the development of biological-scale neuromorphic electronic systems for autonomous, unmanned, robotic systems where humans are currently the only viable option.

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How Does a Terminator Know When to Not Terminate?

September 27, 2010 - via Discover Magazine In the skies above Afghanistan and along the roadsides of Iraq, unmanned military machines are changing the nature of combat. These robots may soon be making life-or-death decisions themselves.

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